Alzheimer’s and Brain Awareness Month
Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.
An estimated 5.3 million Americans of all ages have Alzheimer's disease in 2015.
Of the 5.3 million Americans with Alzheimer's, an estimated 5.1 million people are age 65 and older, and approximately 200,000 individuals are under age 65 (younger-onset Alzheimer's).
Almost two-thirds of Americans with Alzheimer's are women. Of the 5.1 million people age 65 and older with Alzheimer's in the United States, 3.2 million are women and 1.9 million are men.
Although there are more non-Hispanic whites living with Alzheimer's and other dementias than people of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States, older African-Americans and Hispanics are more likely than older whites to have Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
The number of Americans with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias will grow each year as the size and proportion of the U.S. population age 65 and older continue to increase. By 2025, the number of people age 65 and older with Alzheimer's disease is estimated to reach 7.1 million — a 40 percent increase from the 5.1 million age 65 and older affected in 2015. By 2050, the number of people age 65 and older with Alzheimer's disease may nearly triple, from 5.1 million to a projected 13.8 million, barring the development of medical breakthroughs to prevent or cure the disease.
Impact on caregivers
In 2014, friends and family of people with Alzheimer's and other dementias provided an estimated 17.9 billion hours of unpaid care, a contribution to the nation valued at $217.7 billion. This is approximately 46 percent of the net value of Walmart sales in 2013 and nearly eight times the total revenue of McDonald's in 2013.
Approximately two-thirds of caregivers are women and 34 percent are age 65 or older.
Forty-one percent of caregivers have a household income of $50,000 or less.
Over half of primary caregivers of people with dementia take care of parents.
It is estimated that 250,000 children and young adults between ages 8 and 18 provide help to someone with Alzheimer's disease or another dementia.
Alzheimer's takes a devastating toll on caregivers. Nearly 60 percent of Alzheimer's and dementia caregivers rate the emotional stress of caregiving as high or very high; about 40 percent suffer from depression. Due to the physical and emotional toll of caregiving, Alzheimer's and dementia caregivers had $9.7 billion in additional health care costs of their own in 2014.
In 2015, an estimated 700,000 people in the United States age 65 and older will die with Alzheimer's.
As the population of the United States ages, Alzheimer's is becoming a more common cause of death. Although deaths from other major causes have decreased significantly, official records indicate that deaths from Alzheimer's disease have increased significantly. Between 2000 and 2013, deaths attributed to Alzheimer's disease increased 71 percent, while those attributed to the number one cause of death—heart disease—decreased 14 percent.
Alzheimer's is the only disease among the top 10 causes of death in America that cannot be prevented, cured or even slowed.
Cost to Nation
Alzheimer's disease is one of the costliest chronic diseases to society.
In 2015, the direct costs to American society of caring for those with Alzheimer's will total an estimated $226 billion, with half of the costs borne by Medicare.
Average per-person Medicare spending for people age 65 or older with Alzheimer's and other dementias is three times higher than for seniors without dementia. Medicaid payments are 19 times higher.
Nearly one in every five Medicare dollars is spent on people with Alzheimer's and other dementias. In 2050, it will be one in every three dollars.
Unless something is done, in 2050, Alzheimer's is projected to cost over $1.1 trillion (in 2015 dollars). This dramatic rise includes a five-fold increase in government spending under Medicare and Medicaid and a nearly five-fold increase in out-of pocket spending.
Disclosing a diagnosis
Most people living with Alzheimer's are not aware of their diagnosis.
Despite widespread recognition of the benefits of clear and accurate disclosure, less than half (45 percent) of seniors diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or their caregivers report being told the diagnosis by a health care provider, compared with 90 percent or more of those diagnosed with cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Health care providers routinely encounter the situation of having to deliver a frightening or upsetting diagnosis to patients and perhaps to relatives, friends and loved ones. Yet there is broad agreement among physician organizations that patients have the right to know and understand their diagnosis. Benefits of disclosing a diagnosis include better diagnosis (opportunity for a second opinion), better decision-making about their lives for both the present and the future, and better medical care.
Why Movies Are Good for Alzheimer’s
Most of us have a favorite movie or two. What we want to watch can depend on our mood. Understandably, we often associate a film or TV show with the good (or bad) times in our lives.
For people with Alzheimer’s, those links between certain movies and memories are not necessarily lost. In fact, movies can help bring back some of the best memories and even spark conversation. seniors with Alzheimer’s can benefit from watching movies and TV shows as a regular activity.
Choosing the Right Movie or TV Show
Generally, it is a good idea to find movies that are:
Fun and upbeat
Shorter in length (under two hours)
Not violent and do not portray serious illness or death
Simpler in terms of plot and number of characters
Here are the top suggestions on films and TV shows for seniors with Alzheimer’s:
The Andy Griffith Show (1960-1968)
Calamity Jane (1953)
The Carol Burnett Show (1967-1978)
Grumpy Old Men (1993)
Guys and Dolls (1955)
I Love Lucy (1951-1957)
It’s a Wonderful Life (1946)
The Lawrence Welk Show (1955-1982)
Leave it to Beaver (1957-1963)
Paint Your Wagon (1969)
Singin’ in the Rain (1952)
The Sound of Music (1965)
The Waltons (1971-1981)
West Side Story (1961)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
In addition, reality TV shows were recommended because they are easy to follow, and you do not have to keep up with a running plot.
Information above courtesy of alzheimers.net, be sure to head over to their site for more great articles on alzheimers
Movies about Alzheimer's
A sister and brother face the realities of familial responsibility as they begin to care for their ailing father.
Away From Her
A man coping with the institutionalization of his wife because of Alzheimer's disease faces an epiphany when she transfers her affections to another man, Aubrey, a wheelchair-bound mute who also is a patient at the nursing home.
Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch
True story of the lifelong romance between novelist Iris Murdoch and her husband John Bayley, from their student days through her battle with Alzheimer's disease.
A poor and passionate young man falls in love with a rich young woman and gives her a sense of freedom. They soon are separated by their social differences.
A troubled young man struggling to right himself after the premature death of his father.
A Song For Martin
Famous composer Martin meets concertmaster Barbara at one of his performances, and the two fall in love. Five years later, as the couple is working on a new opera, Martin is diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease.